As China has continued to lose market share, India has clearly missed the boat - most of the gains have been captured by Bangladesh and Vietnam, the 2nd and 3rd largest exporters after China. Cotton continues to be the most important fibre in the Indian textile industry, accounting for nearly 3/4th of the country's total fibre consumption. Textile and garment companies are the second-largest employer in the country. It employs approximately 105 million people directly and indirectly.
Direct and indirect government support has been provided to textile companies in India. Under the automatic route to Foreign Direct Investment, the Government has allowed 100 percent foreign direct investment in the retail sector, with a provision for 30% of merchandise to be sourced locally. This has contributed to the growth of local manufacturing as well as attracting international brands to the domestic market.
Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in this industry reached $3.68 billion from April 2000 to December 2020. The Government of India plans to create more than 35 lakh jobs by 2022 and facilitate investments worth more than Rs. 95,000 crore (US$ 14.17 billion) through the Amended Technology Up-gradation Fund Scheme (A-TUFS).
In India, the defense sector has expressed support for the technical textile industry. India is also launching major initiatives to support its technical textile industry. Technical textiles are increasingly being used to produce wearable protective equipment (PPE Suits) in response to the pandemic. Government funding and machine sponsorship are supporting the industry. Positive domestic demand and export growth bode well for the Textile and Garment industry in India.
It is the only industry in India, after agriculture, that creates a large number of jobs for both skilled and unskilled workers. The textile industry continues to be India's second largest employment-generating sector. There are over 35 million people employed directly by this industry in India. India produces the most jute in the world and has a 63% share of the global textile and garment market. The country is second in global textile manufacturing and second in the production of silk and cotton. 100% FDI is allowed via automatic route in textile sector. Many foreign textile companies have invested in or worked in India, including Rieter, Trutzschler, Saurer, Soktas, Zambiati, Bilsar, Monti, CMT, E-land, Nisshinbo, Marks & Spencer, Zara, Promod, Benetton, and Levi's.
It was founded in the year 1931, headquartered in Ahmedabad .The company offers a wide range of products including knits, retail, woven, telecom, advanced material, agri-business, etc. The company owns brands like Flying Machine, Newport, and Excalibur and licensed international brands like Arrow, Tommy Hilfiger, through its nationwide retail network.
Bombay Dyeing & Manufacturing Company Ltd was started in the year 1879 and it is headquartered in Mumbai, India. The company’s primary business is Polyester Staple Fibre and Retail- Textile. The company is known for its revolutionary designs and high-quality products.
Bombay Rayon Fashions Ltd is one of the leading textile companies in India. It offers a wide range of products including Lycra, Wool, Tencel, Polyester. It has a very good fabric manufacturing capacity. It is a rapidly growing textile company in India.
Fabindia was founded in the year 1960 by John Bissell. Its headquarter is in New Delhi, India. Today, it has opened stores all across the country. The company also promotes rural employment by sourcing products from Indian Villages. It has also started a successful retail business in India.
Grasim Industries Ltd world’s leading producer of viscose rayon fibre. The company was started in the year 1947 and is headquartered in Mumbai, Maharashtra. It produces viscose staple fiber and viscose filament yarn. It is part of Aditya Birla Group and ranked as the largest private sector company. It caters to international fashion houses in the United States and the United Kingdom supplying fabric to them for the manufacturing of garments.
JCT Ltd was founded in the year 1946. The company is engaged in the manufacture of textiles and man-made fibers (nylon filament yarns). The Company operates through two segments: Textiles and Filament yarn. The products considered as a part of the Textile segment are cloth and yarn. The products considered as a part of the Filament segment are nylon yarn and chips. The Company’s textile manufacturing facilities are located in Phagwara, Punjab.
Mysore is known for its rich cultural heritage. It produces very good quality silk. KSIC is especially formed to promote the cultural heritage that is silk. For the last many years it is producing good quality silk that is distributed all across India. It manufactures quality silk admired all over India. Its product range includes Silk Dhoti, Men’s Tie, Salwar Kameez, Silk Sarees, Kurta, etc.
Raymond Ltd was founded in the year 1925. It is headquartered in Mumbai, India. It is producing a wide range of products including fabrics, garments, designer wear, denim, etc. It is among the most trusted fabric brands in India. Raymond has opened retail shops all across India and overseas as well.
Lakshmi Mills Company was founded in the year 1910 by G. Kuppuswami Naidu. Its headquarter is located in Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu. It is offering a huge range of products including textile yarn, textile garments, weaving, and spinning. Its parent company is Laksmi Machine Works.
Vardhman Group is a textile group based in Ludhiana, Punjab, India. Vardhman Group was established in 1965 by Lala Rattan Chand Oswal. The group is engaged in manufacturing and trading in Yarn, Greige, and Processed fabrics, Sewing Thread, Acrylic fiber, and Alloy steel. Vardhman group was incorporated in 1962 as Vardhman Spinning & General Mills (VSGML).